Quality classification of corn tortillas using computer visionRevista : Journal of Food Engineering
Volumen : 101
Páginas : 357-364
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Computer vision is playing an increasingly important role in automated visual food inspection. However, quality control in tortilla production is still performed by human operators which may lead to misclassification due to their subjectivity and fatigue. In order to reduce the need for human operators and therefore misclassification, we developed a computer vision framework to automatically classify the quality of corn tortillas according to five hedonic sub-classes given by a sensorial panel. The proposed framework analyzed 750 corn tortillas obtained from 15 different Mexican commercial stores which were either small, medium or large in size. More than 2300 geometric and color features were extracted from 1500 images capturing both sides of the 750 tortillas. After implementing a feature selection algorithm, in which the most relevant features were selected for the classification of the five sub-classes, only 64 features were required to design a classifier based on support vector machines. Cross-validation yielded a performance of 95% in the classification of the five hedonic sub-classes. Additionally, using only 10 of the selected features and a simple statistical classifier, it was possible to determine the origin of the tortillas with a performance of 96%. We believe that the proposed framework opens up new possibilities in the field of automated visual inspection of tortillas.