Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Langarica S., Rodriguez-Fernandez M., Nunez F., Doyle III F. (2023)

A meta-learning approach to personalized blood glucose prediction in type 1 diabetes

Volumen : 135
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Accurate blood glucose prediction is a critical element in modern artificial pancreas systems. Recently, many deep learning-based models have been proposed for glucose prediction, showing encouraging results in population modeling. However, due to the large amount of data required for training deep learning -based models, few studies have successfully addressed personalized modeling, which is critical to ensure safe policies in a closed-loop scheme given the high inter-patient variability. To address this concern, we propose a meta-learning-based technique for accurate personalized modeling that requires minimal data volume to personalize from its population version, needs few training iterations, and has a low risk of over-fitting. Results using the UVA/Padova simulator show that the proposed technique generalizes better and outperforms other approaches in standard and task-specific metrics, particularly for longer prediction horizons and higher degrees of distributional shifts.