Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Molinos M., Maziotis A. (2020)

A metastochastic frontier analysis for technical efficiency comparison of water companies in England and Wales

Revista : Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Volumen : 27
Páginas : 729–740
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Evaluating the performance of water companies is of great importance for both water utilities and water regulators. This paper
explores comparative levels of technical efficiencies and technology gap ratios with the metafrontier concept by estimating an
input distance function using stochastic frontier techniques. The metafrontier framework is employed in the water services of
water and sewerage companies (WaSCs) and water-only companies (WoCs) in England and Wales. The results show that the
English and Welsh water industry is an efficient industry, with WaSCs more efficient than WoCs. On average, a water company
can increase its technical efficiency by operating in more densely populated areas and by investing in technology to reduce bursts
in water mains. We also link the efficiency results with the regulatory cycle to assess the impact of regulation on the efficiency
levels of water companies.