A microeconomic interpretation for the system optimal traffic assignment problem with nonadditive path costRevista : Transportation Planning and Technology
Volumen : 37
Número : 8
Páginas : 663-677
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Using a BergsonSamuelson welfare function, we outline a microeconomic interpretation of the effects of the non-linearity in the time/cost relationship for travellers in a congested transport network. It is demonstrated that a marginal cost traffic flowassignment following Wardrops second principle, although it minimizes the total cost of a transport network, may reduce social welfare compared to the market equilibrium assignment based on Wardrops first principle. A welfare-maximizing assignment model is presented and used to show that if the travellers utility functions are linear, the assignment that maximizes social welfare will be the same as the assignment that minimizes total network cost, but if users utility functions are non-linear (reflecting the traditional non-satiation and diminishing marginal utility axioms), the two assignments will be different. It is further shown that the effects of this non-linearity are such that a welfare-maximizing assignment will meet with less user resistance than a minimum total network cost assignment.