Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Capítulo de libro. Pedreschi, F. & Zuñiga, R. (2009). Acrylamide and oil reduction procedures in fried potatoes: A review. In: Yee N, Bussel W (Eds) Potato IV. Food 3 (Special Issue 2), 82-82. (2009)

Acrylamide and oil reduction procedures in fried potatoes: A review

Revista : In: Yee N, Bussel W (Eds) Potato IV. Food 3 (Special Issue 2), 82-82.
Tipo de publicación : Otros


Potato is the raw food material that has been used the most in frying operations due to the high demand of consumers over the world. Typical final oil content of potato chips and French fries are ~35% and ~15% by weight, respectively. Some of the principal factors that affect oil absorption in fried potato products are: frying medium, deterioration degree of the frying oil, temperature, pressure and frying time, food geometry, chemical composition of the raw food and pre-treatments (e.g. drying, solute impregnation, edible film coatings). Recently, much attention has been given to the use of vacuum frying which may be an option to produce fried potatoes with low oil content.

Acrylamide and oil content are major issues to consider in the production of fried potatoes (potato chips and French fries). Detection of high concentrations of acrylamide in heated starch rich foodstuffs such as potato by the Swedish National Food Administration in April 2002 attained public concern because this product is a suspected human carcinogen. Maillard reaction is suggested as the major mechanism of acrylamide formation in fried potatoes. The precursors of this reaction for fried potatoes are glucose, fructose and asparagine. So, several methods based in diminishing or eliminating acrylamide precursors have been implemented. On the, other hand, other reduction methods of acrylamide focus principally in the process parameters such as vacuum frying or conventional frying at low temperatures. Post-frying technique could eventually be implemented to diminish acrylamide formation as well. But the major challenge is to reduce as much as possible acrylamide levels in fried potatoes but maintaining intact their sensorial properties.

The objective of this monograph is not only to present possible mechanisms of oil absorption and acrylamide formation but also technological procedures to diminish oil uptake and acrylamide generation in fried potatoes.