Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Zambroni de Souza M., Cañizares C., Bhattacxharya K., Lorca A. (2022)

Affine Policies and Principal Components Analysis for Self-Scheduling in Compressed Air Energy Storage Facilities

Revista : IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Páginas : 1-14
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


This paper presents a novel methodology based on Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Affine Policies (AP) for self-scheduling of a price-taker Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) facility operating under uncertainties. The proposed PCA-AP model is developed from the facility owner’s perspective, which partakes in energy, spinning, and idle reserve markets. A methodology is proposed to select the required price uncertainty intervals from actual data based on a Box Cox technique. For a more realistic representation, the detailed thermodynamic characteristics of the CAES facility are considered, taking into account as well modern CAES facilities that may charge and discharge concurrently. To validate the proposed PCA-AP model and approach, the results obtained are compared with an existing Affine Arithmetic (AA) model, which is also based on an affine approach, and Monte Carlo Simulations (MCS), which can be considered as the benchmark for comparison purposes. The input data, forecast prices and intervals of uncertainty, are taken from the Ontario-Canada electricity market for 2015-2019. From the studies presented, it can be observed that the new PCA-AP approach provides less conservative results as compared to the AA approach, and hence can be considered an adequate methodology for day-ahead operations in systems with significant sources of uncertainty.