Application of the fractional Fourier transform to image reconstruction in MRI. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.23190Revista : Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volumen : 68
Número : 1
Páginas : 17-29
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The classic paradigm for MRI requires a homogeneous B0 field in combination with linear encoding gradients. Distortions are produced when the B0 is not homogeneous, and several post- processing techniques have been developed to correct them. Field homogeneity is difficult to achieve, particularly for short- bore magnets and higher B0 fields. Nonlinear magnetic com- ponents can also arise from concomitant fields, particularly in low-field imaging, or intentionally used for nonlinear encoding. In any of these situations, the second-order component is key, because it constitutes the first step to approximate higher-order fields. We propose to use the fractional Fourier transform for analyzing and reconstructing the objects magnetization under the presence of quadratic fields. The fractional fourier transform provides a precise theoretical framework for this. We show how it can be used for reconstruction and for gaining a better under- standing of the quadratic field-induced distortions, including examples of reconstruction for simulated and in vivo data. The obtained images have improved quality compared with standard Fourier reconstructions. The fractional fourier transform opens a new paradigm for understanding the MR signal generated by an object under a quadratic main field or nonlinear encoding.