Assessing the dynamic eco-efficiency of Italian municipalities by accounting for the ownership of the entrusted waste utilitiesRevista : Utilities Policy
Volumen : 73
Páginas : 101311
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
This study evaluates and compares the dynamic eco-efficiency of municipalities with publicly owned, privately owned, and mixed ownership solid waste utilities by estimating the Meta-frontier Malmquist-Luenberger productivity index for a sample of 68 major Italian towns. On average, the eco-productivity of Italian waste service providers increased by 8% from 2016 to 2019. Although municipalities with private utilities improved their eco-productivity most, the differences among the three clusters reflecting utility ownership are not statistically significant. The results show that publicly owned waste operators drive technology and that the technological levels of private utilities have deteriorated relative to global technological progress.