Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Claro M., Preiss D., San Martín E., Jara I., Hinostroza J.E., Valenzuela S., Cortés F. and Nussbaum M. (2012)

Assessment of 21st century ICT skills in Chile: Test design and results from high school level students. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2012.04.004

Revista : Computers & Education
Volumen : 59
Número : 3
Páginas : 1042-1053
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


This paper describes a study that evaluates fifteen-year-old Chilean students Information andCommunication Technology (ICT) skills. The paper presents an operational definition of ICT skills, aninstrument measuring these skills as well as the students’ results in the test. The definition of ICT skillsused considers Chile’s curricular framework, functional and cognitive skills. Specifically, ICT skills weredefined as the capacity to solve problems of information, communication and knowledge in digitalenvironments. A performance-based assessment was designed in a virtual environment to measure theseskills. The analysis of the results showed that the majority of students were able to solve tasks related tothe use of information as consumers, i.e., approximately three quarters of the students were able tosearch for information and half of them were also able to organize and manage digital information.Additionally, they show that very few students were able to succeed in tasks related to the use ofinformation as producers, i.e., only one third of the students were able to develop their own ideas ina digital environment and less than one fifth were able to refine digital information and createa representation in a digital environment. Socioeconomic group, access, daily use and confidence indoing ICT-related activities were all positively associated with higher scores, showing the need toimplement strategies to compensate this inequality, possibly by explicitly defining these aims in thenational curriculum.