Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Zoffoli J.P., Latorre B.A., Rodriguez J. and Aguilera J.M. (2009)

Biological indicators to estimate the prevalence of gray mold and hairline cracks on table grapes cv. Thompson Seedless after cold storage. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.11.010

Revista : Postharvest Biology and Technology
Volumen : 52
Número : 1
Páginas : 126-133
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea and hairline cracks are tha major cold storage deterioration problems of table grapes (Vitis vinifera). Currently, table grapes are treated with sulfur dioxide (SO2), but this treatment does not sufficiently and consistently control B. cinerea. This is probably associated with latent infections that are poorly controlled with SO2, and to the increased berry propensity to develop hairline cracks following SO2 treatment. Therefore, the objective of this work was to obtain and early biological indicator to segregate grape lots at harvest to later develop according to the potential gray mold and hairline cracks. In this study, it was possible to distinguish gray mold infections at the sylar end. cheek, and base of the berries. However, on commercial SO2-treated lots of Thompson Seedless’table grapes, the occurrence of gray mold after cold storage was best predicted (Y=0.45X, R2 = 0.84, P<0.001) by the number of gray mold infections that developed at the base of the berry of surface-disinfected (100uLL-1SO2 for 1 h) grapes that were incubated at harvest in humid chambers (100% relative humidity) for 2 d at 0 ºC then 5 d at 20ºC. Similarly,the occurrence of hairline cracks after cold storage was best predicted (Y =1.48 + 0.51X, R2 = 0.66, P = 0.0002) by the number of hairline cracks induced at harvest by dipping berries in 0.1 mol L-1 citric acid, pH2, for 3 h at 20ºC. At harvest, cuticle content and porosity also predicted the occurrence of hairline cracks after cold storage. However, the cuticle content of harvest did not significantly predict gray mold occurrence at the berry base after cold storage. The occurrence of gray mold in commercial SO2-treated lots after storage was predicted by the prevalence of gray mold at the berry base at harvest. Similarly, the occurrence of hairline cracks after cold storage was predicted by tha ability to induce hairline cracks at harvest by acidic pH. Further refinement in this research is needed before using these biological indicators to segregate table grapes lots commercially.