Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Kolozvari K., Arteta C., Fischinger M., Gavridou S., Hube M., Isacobic T., Lowes L., Orakcal K., Vásquez J. and Wallace J. (2018)

Comparative Study of State-of-the-Art Macroscopic Models for Planar Reinforced Concrete Walls

Revista : ACI Structural Journal
Volumen : 115
Número : 6
Páginas : 1637-1657
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Over the past twenty years a spectrum of analytical models for nonlinear analysis of reinforced concrete (RC) structural walls, with varying capabilities and complexities, have become available for both research and design applications. Five conceptually different state-of-the-art macroscopic models were described, including two-node and four-node elements, based on either a fiber-based representation of a wall cross-section or a strut-and-tie approach, using either force-deformation or strain-stress material behavior, and considering either coupled or uncoupled axial/flexural and shear responses. Modeling approaches were validated against experimental data obtained for five RC wall specimens characterized by a range of properties (e.g., aspect ratio, axial load, failure mechanism) to assess current modeling capabilities and identify future research directions. Results presented suggest that the considered analytical models typically overestimate initial wall stiffness, models with uncoupled flexural and shear behavior overestimate lateral capacity of medium-rise walls, models with shear-flexure interaction can capture nonlinear shear deformations, and that plastic hinge vertical strains can be either overestimated or underestimated by a factor of two in the nonlinear response range using the plane sections assumption