Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Sala-Garrido R., Mocholí M., Molinos-Senante M., Maziotis A. (2021)

Comparing Operational, Environmental and Eco-Efficiency of Water Companies in England and Wales

Revista : Energies
Volumen : 14
Número : 12
Páginas : 3635
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The assessment of performance of water companies is essential for their regulation. In doing so, several variables and models can be employed. This study evaluates and compares the performance of a sample of English and Welsh water companies from the operational, environmental and eco-efficiency perspectives by applying the non-radial data envelopment analysis range adjusted measure model. This methodological approach allows integrating greenhouse gas emissions as undesirable output. The results indicated that the water industry performed well from an operational perspective. However, environmental inefficiency considerably exists which illustrates the difficulties of the water companies in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The average eco-efficiency was 0.783 which means that while expanding water services, water companies could further reduce costs and carbon emissions by 11.7% on average. Other factors such as water treatment complexity and population density significantly affect water companies’ eco-efficiency. Several policy implications are finally discussed.