Comparison of vacuum and atmospheric deep-fat frying of wheat starch and gluten based snacks. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-013-0064-2Revista : Food Science and Biotechnology
Volumen : 22
Número : 1
Páginas : 177-182
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Vacuum frying was compared with atmospheric frying in the development of wheat starch and gluten based snacks in terms of oil uptake, texture, expansion, and color development. The comparison was based on the concept of equivalent thermal driving force (ETDF) (i.e., keeping a constant difference between the oil temperature and boiling point of water at the working pressure). Vacuum fried snacks were observed to absorb lower oil content at all ETDFs and as low as 27% less of atmospherically fried samples and lighter in color. A very strong relationship existed between texture and oil content on one hand; and expansion and oil content on the other hand for fried matrices from both technologies. SEM was used in validating the result. Vacuum frying can be used for the development of acceptable fabricated fried snacks from wheat starch and gluten with lower oil content and acceptable textural and color properties.