Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Uribe S., Hussain T., Valverde I., Tejos C., Irarrazaval P., Fava M., Beerbaum P., Botnar R.M., Razavi R., Schaeffter T. and Greil G.F. (2011)

Congenital heart disease: coronary MR angiography in children during systole and diastole with dual cardiac phase whole-heart imaging. http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.11101659

Revista : Radiology
Volumen : 260
Número : 1
Páginas : 232-240
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Purpose: To assess the optimal timing for coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in children with congenital heart disease by using dual cardiac phase whole-heart MR imaging.

Materials and Methods: The local institutional review board approved this study, and informed consent was obtained from parents or guardians. Thirty children (13 girls; overall mean age, 5.01 years) were examined with a 1.5-T MR system. A free-breathing three-dimensional steady-state free precession dual cardiac phase sequence was used to obtain MR angiographic data during end-systolic and middiastolic rest periods. Vessel length, diameter, and sharpness, as well as image quality of the coronary artery segments, were analyzed and compared by using Bland-Altman plots, linear regression analysis, the t test, and Wilcoxon signed rank tests.

Results: Optimal coronary artery imaging timing was patient dependent and different for each coronary artery segment (36 segments favored end systole, 28 favored middiastole). In 15 patients (50%), different segments favored different cardiac phases within the same patient. Image quality and vessel sharpness degraded with higher heart rates, with a similar correlation for end systole (right coronary artery [RCA], 0.39; left main [LM] coronary artery, 0.46; left anterior descending [LAD] artery, 0.51; and left circumflex [LCX] artery, 0.50) and middiastole (RCA, 0.34; LM, 0.45; LAD, 0.48; and LCx, 0.55). Mean image quality difference or mean vessel sharpness difference showed no indication to prefer a specific cardiac phase.

Conclusion: The optimal cardiac rest period for coronary MR angiography in children with congenital heart disease is specific for each coronary artery segment. Dual cardiac phase whole-heart coronary MR angiography enables optimal coronary artery visualization by retrospectively choosing the optimal imaging rest period.