Contrast-free high-resolution 3D magnetization transfer imaging for simultaneous myocardial scar and cardiac vein visualizationRevista : MAGMA
Tipo de publicación : Publicaciones WOS sin afiliación UC Ir a publicación
OBJECTIVE:To develop a three-dimensional (3D) high-resolution free-breathing magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) sequence for contrast-free assessment of myocardial infarct and coronary vein anatomy.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two datasets with and without off-resonance magnetization transfer preparation were sequentially acquired to compute MTR. 2D image navigators enabled beat-to-beat translational and bin-to-bin non-rigid motion correction. Two different imaging sequences were explored. MTR scar localization was compared against 3D late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in a porcine model of myocardial infarction. MTR variability across the left ventricle and vessel sharpness in the coronary veins were evaluated in healthy human subjects.RESULTS:A decrease in MTR was observed in areas with LGE in all pigs (non-infarct: 25.1 ± 1.7% vs infarct: 16.8 ± 1.9%). The average infarct volume overlap on MTR and LGE was 62.5 ± 19.2%. In humans, mean MTR in myocardium was between 37 and 40%. Spatial variability was between 15 and 20% of the mean value. 3D whole heart MT-prepared datasets enabled coronary vein visualization with up to 8% improved vessel sharpness for non-rigid compared to translational motion correction.DISCUSSION:MTR and LGE showed agreement in infarct detection and localization in a swine model. Free-breathing 3D MTR maps are feasible in humans but high spatial variability was observed. Further clinical studies are warranted.