Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Saavedra D., Banerjee S., Mery D. (2020)

Detection of threat objects in baggage inspection with X-ray images using deep learning

Revista : Neural Computing and Applications
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


In the field of security, baggage-screening with X-rays is used as non-destructive testing for threat object detection. This is a common protocol when inspecting passenger baggage particularly at airports. Unfortunately, the accuracy of such human inspection is around 80%-90%, under optimal operator conditions. For this reason, it is quite necessary to assist human inspectors with the aid of computer vision algorithms. This work proposes a deep learning based methodology designed to detect threat objects in (single-spectrum) X-ray baggage scan images. For this purpose, our proposed framework simulates a large number of X-ray images, using a combination of PGGAN and superimposition strategies, that are used to train state-of-the-art detection models such as YOLO, SSD and RetinaNet. Our method has been tested on real X-ray images in the detection of four categories of threat objects: guns, knives, razor blades and shuriken (ninja stars). In our experiments, YOLOv3 obtained the best mean average precision (mAP) with 96.3% for guns, 76.2% for knives, 86.9% for razor blades and 93.7% for shuriken, while the average mAP for all threat objects was 80.0%. We believe the effectiveness of our method in the detection of threat objects makes its use in checkpoints possible. Moreover, our methodology is scalable and can be easily extended to detect other categories automatically.