Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Contreras F., Espinosa M., Keim-Bagnara V., Carreño-Román M., Rodríguez-Villagra R., Villegas-Belmar F., Viscor G., Gabrielli L., Andia M., Araneda O., Hurtado D. (2022)

Determination of the Respiratory Compensation Point by Detecting Changes in Intercostal Muscles Oxygenation by Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

Revista : Life
Volumen : 12
Número : 3
Páginas : 444
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


This study aimed to evaluate if the changes in oxygen saturation levels at intercostal muscles (SmO2-m.intercostales) assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) using a wearable device could determine the respiratory compensation point (RCP) during exercise. Fifteen healthy competitive triathletes (eight males; 29 ± 6 years; height 167.6 ± 25.6 cm; weight 69.2 ± 9.4 kg; V?O2-máx 58.4 ± 8.1 mL·kg?1·min?1) were evaluated in a cycle ergometer during the maximal oxygen-uptake test (V?O2-máx), while lung ventilation (V?E), power output (watts, W) and SmO2-m.intercostales were measured. RCP was determined by visual method (RCPvisual: changes at ventilatory equivalents (V?E·V?CO2?1, V?E·V?O2?1) and end-tidal respiratory pressure (PetO2, PetCO2) and NIRS method (RCPNIRS: breakpoint of fall in SmO2-m.intercostales). During exercise, SmO2-m.intercostales decreased continuously showing a higher decrease when V?E increased abruptly. A good agreement between methods used to determine RCP was found (visual vs NIRS) at %V?O2-máx, V?O2, V?E, and W (Bland-Altman test). Correlations were found to each parameters analyzed (r = 0.854; r = 0.865; r = 0.981; and r = 0,968; respectively. p < 0.001 in all variables, Pearson test), with no differences (p < 0.001 in all variables, Student’s t-test) between methods used (RCPvisual and RCPNIRS). We concluded that changes at SmO2-m.intercostales measured by NIRS could adequately determine RCP in triathletes