Effect of soiling and sunlight exposure on the performance ratio of photovoltaic technologies in Santiago, ChileRevista : Energy Conversion and Management
Volumen : 114
Páginas : 338347
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The performance, yearly degradation, and annual yield of photovoltaic systems have been studied in outdoor exposure for two years period 20142015 in Santiago, capital of Chile. Photovoltaic panels performance degrades daily in a rate between −0.13% and −0.56% under soiling in highly polluted Santiago, Chile. Yearly degradation of the arrays system was found to be in the order of 1.29% for the polycrystalline array, 1.74% for the monocrystalline array, and 2.77% for the thin film system array. The annual production yield reached 14191373 kW h/kWp for Poly, 14591444 kW h/kWp for Mono, and 12481236 kW h/kWp for TF, in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The annual in-plane irradiation measured reached 1981.3 kW h/m2 and 1943.2 kW h/m2, for 2014 and 2015, respectively. A weather-corrected performance ratio is presented showing a yearly performance ratio of around 75% for all technologies. Monthly cleaning and random rain fall have shown positive effects as primarily solutions. Furthermore, we studied the optimal strategies of cleaning for different energy prices and we defined a critical cleaning period of 45 days for a real case, independent on cleaning cost and energy prices. This work contains novel results for the Chilean capital city and can be applied to future installations in the area and serve as further insights for the development of solar energy in Chile.