Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Martínez P., Soto M., Zunino F., Stuckrath C. and López M. (2016)

Effectiveness of tetra-ethyl-ortho-silicate (TEOS) consolidation of fired-clay bricks manufactured with different calcination temperatures

Revista : Construction and Building Materials
Volumen : 106
Páginas : 209–217
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Tetra-ethyl-ortho-silicate (TEOS) consolidation is a promising technique; however, the effects of substrate microstructure and mineralogy on the TEOS performance have not been systematically assessed; which is critical to improve consolidation efficiency. Clay bricks were manufactured in a variety of clay/kaolin proportions, calcination temperatures and treated with TEOS. by immersion. TEOS retentions between 4.9% and 5.9% were obtained, which increased surface hardness, compressive strength and flexural strength compared to non-treated specimens. Furthermore, consolidation reduced brick permeability and resulted in slight color variations. These improvements are explained by the deposition of consolidant in the pores and substrate–consolidant chemical interaction.