Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Peralta B., Espinace P. and Soto A. (2013)

Enhancing k-means using class labels

Revista : Intelligent Data Analysis
Volumen : 17
Número : 6
Páginas : 1023-1039
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Clustering is a relevant problem in machine learning where the main goal is to locate meaningful partitions of unlabeled data. In the case of labeled data, a related problem is supervised clustering, where the objective is to locate class- uniform clusters. Most current approaches to supervised clustering optimize a score related to cluster purity with respect to class labels. In particular, we present Labeled K-Means (LK-Means), an algorithm for supervised clustering based on a variant of K-Means that incorporates information about class labels. LK-Means replaces the classical cost function of K-Means by a convex combination of the joint cost associated to: (i) A discriminative score based on class labels, and (ii) A generative score based on a traditional metric for unsupervised clustering. We test the performance of LK-Means using standard real datasets and an application for object recognition. Moreover, we also compare its performance against classical K-Means and a popular K-Medoids-based supervised clustering method. Our experiments show that, in most cases, LK-Means outperforms the alternative techniques by a considerable margin. Furthermore, LK-Means presents execution times considerably lower than the alternative supervised clustering method under evaluation.