Evaluation of dynamic soil-structure interaction effects in buildings with underground stories using 1 g physical experimentation in a transparent shear laminar boxRevista : Engineering Structures
Volumen : 266
Número : 114645
Páginas : 1-19
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
This article presents a study of the Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction (DSSI) using physical reducedscale models of a building under different configurations of above-ground and underground stories. Each model was tested in a laminar shear box with a transparent front side. This characteristic of the device makes it possible to visualize the soil particles during the test and acquire data from the soil-structure interaction in a direct and spatially continuous way. A shaking table, an array of 3 highspeed and highresolution cameras and a tactile dynamic pressure sensor were used. Ricker wavelets, with a wide range of frequencies and amplitudes, were used to evaluate the transfer functions in the system and the seismic response of model. Kinematic interaction effects were evaluated using the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. It is verified that the experimental system allows a detailed tracking of the dynamic interaction between the building and the surrounding soil. The results show the direct relationship between the frequency content of the input wavelet and the dynamic pressure distribution acting on the underground levels, and the increase of the buildings first vibrating period. In addition, it was found that the distribution and magnitude of the lateral soil thrust is dominated by the superstructure vibration, and not the ground movement. This relationship becomes more important as the slenderness of the building increases, i.e., as the rocking mode of vibration becomes more significant. Additionally, in the case of buildings with basements, our results suggest that the combination of the increased confinement, the interaction of the foundation in terms of motion compatibility and the vibrations transferred from the superstructure to the ground produces an invariable reduction in effective base motion, suggesting that neglecting the effects of DSSI would be a conservative assumption.