Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
de Carvalho Filgueiras B., Gouveia de Oliveira C., Cordeiro de Sousa I.M., Cordeiro P. (2020)

Further evidence of Rhyacian arc magmatism in the basement of the Brasília Belt

Revista : Journal of South American Earth Sciences
Páginas : 102739
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


A recently mapped area in central Brazil revealed a slice of Paleoproterozoic basement within Neoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks of the Brasília Belt. The area, named here the Artulândia area for its proximity to the homonymous village, contains metatonalites and metagranodiorites in tectonic contact with a meta-volcanosedimentary sequence that encompasses felsic, intermediate and mafic metavolcanic rocks interlayered with clastic and chemical metasedimentary rocks. A sample of felsic orthogneiss from the metavolcano-sedimentary sequence, yielded a U–Pb zircon age of 2142 ± 4.4 Ma, which is interpreted as the crystallization age of the volcanic protolith. Samples from the metagranite unit returned U–Pb zircon ages of 2130 ± 7.4 Ma for a biotite metatonalite, 2157 ± 9 for a biotite metagranite, and 2147 ± 5 Ma for a sulfide-bearing metagranodiorite, indicating roughly contemporaneous plutonic activity. Whole-rock geochemistry shows calc-alkaline signatures for both units, and trace element results are compatible with an extensional setting, such as back-arc or intra-arc, for the metavolcano-sedimentary sequence, and a magmatic arc system for the metagranite unit. These rocks were generated in an episode of juvenile crust formation, as suggested by εNd(2.14Ga) values between 0 and + 3.18. Based on lithological association, age and chemical signature, we suggest that the studied rocks represent a lateral continuation of the Campinorte Arc beyond the Rio Maranhão Thrust. Thus, the occurrence of Campinorte Arc rocks on both sides of the thrust argues against the thrust being a Neoproterozoic collisional suture. The geology of the Artulândia area in the context of the Campinorte Arc attests to the complexity of the Rhyacian amalgamation that generated the São Francisco Paleocontinent during a Rhyacian Orogeny.