Global rainfall erosivity assessment based on high-temporal resolution rainfall recordsRevista : Scientific Reports
Volumen : 7
Páginas : 12pp
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The exposure of the Earths surface to the energetic input of rainfall is one of the key factors controlling water erosion. While water erosion is identifed as the most serious cause of soil degradation globally, global patterns of rainfall erosivity remain poorly quantifed and estimates have large uncertainties. This hampers the implementation of efective soil degradation mitigation and restoration strategies. Quantifying rainfall erosivity is challenging as it requires high temporal resolution(<30 min) and high fdelity rainfall recordings. We present the results of an extensive global data collection efort whereby we estimated rainfall erosivity for 3,625 stations covering 63 countries. This frst ever Global Rainfall Erosivity Database was used to develop a global erosivity map at 30 arc-seconds(~1 km) based on a Gaussian Process Regression(GPR). Globally, the mean rainfall erosivity was estimated to be 2,190 −1 −1 −1 MJ mm ha h yr , with the highest values in South America and the Caribbean countries, Central east Africa and South east Asia. The lowest values are mainly found in Canada, the Russian Federation, Northern Europe, Northern Africa and the Middle East. The tropical climate zone has the highest mean rainfall erosivity followed by the temperate whereas the lowest mean was estimated in the cold climate zone.