Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Lopez M., Kahn L. F. and Kurtis K. E. (2010)

High-strength self-curing low-shrinkage concrete for pavement applications

Revista : International Journal of Pavement Engineering
Volumen : 11
Número : 5
Páginas : 333-342
Tipo de publicación : ISI


High-performance concretes (HPC) that are designed to possess high early strength, self-curing capabilities and low shrinkage may potentially improve rigid pavement performance. A multi-scale experimental programme examined mechanical properties and shrinkage behaviour of a low water-to-cementitious materials ratio concrete containing prewetted
lightweight aggregate for self-curing; results were compared with companion HPC prepared with air-dry lightweight aggregate and with normal weight, normal strength concrete. The use of pre-wetted lightweight aggregate enhanced hydration and strength development during the first year, and limited autogenous shrinkage and substantially reduced drying shrinkage. Digital image analysis revealed that shrinkage was concentrated in the paste rather than in the aggregate in both the normal strength concrete and HPC. The image analysis also showed that strain concentrations at the aggregate/paste interface were less apparent in the HPC, presumably due to the reduced strain mismatch with the use of the lower modulus lightweight aggregate. These observations suggest that the use of HPC containing pre-wetted lightweight aggregate can potentially reduce microcracking and enhance overall pavement performance.