Materials corrosion for thermal energy storage systems in concentrated solar power plantsRevista : Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volumen : 86
Páginas : 22-44
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The current commercial deployment of concentrating solar power (CSP) relies on a system of thermal energystorage (TES) for round the clock generation of electricity. The heat harvested by a system of collectors, eitherparabolic troughs or a heliostat field, is transferred by means of heat transfer fluid (HTF) to a storage tank, whereit is kept until required for power generation. In the implemented systems, the storage of heat is accomplished bya mixture of salts characterized by an optimum set of properties required at the desired temperatures of operation.In liquid phase, the salt mixture represents an ionic conductor providing conditions for electrochemicaldegradation of materials when in direct contact. The risk of materials failure is further increased by thermalcycling and the possibility of mechanical stress. This paper describes the possible corrosion issues that mightaffect a TES system considering generalized and localized corrosion, as well as flow accelerated and mechanicallyassisted corrosion for the specific operation conditions of CSP plants. A comprehensive summary of uniformcorrosion rates determined for common and less common alloys considered for application in TES is provided,along with discussion of the applicability for evaluation of possible corrosion damage in an actual CSP plant.