Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Cárdenas-Blanco A., Tejos C., Irarrazaval P. and Cameron I. (2008)

Noise in magnitude magnetic resonance images. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cmr.a.20124

Revista : Concepts in Magnetic Resonance Part A
Volumen : 32A
Número : 6
Páginas : 409-416
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The aims of this article are to review the properties of noise in magnitude MR images to clarify the terminology used when referring to the noise and to discourage the use of the terms Rician noise and Rician noise bias. The distribution of measured MR pixel intensities in the presence of noise is known to be Rician, and the width of this distribution is directly related to the Gaussian noise on the measured real and imaginary signals. It is the pixel magnitude values that follow the Rician distribution, not the noise. The term Rician noise should be used cautiously or, better still, avoided completely since inherent to this terminology is behavior that is not normally associated with noise, such as dependence on signal strength. This terminology is misleading and can lead to conceptual and practical misunderstandings. It is better to relate the image noise to the Gaussian noise on the real and imaginary signals.