Prediction of firmness and soluble solids content of blueberries using hyperspectral reflectance imaging. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2012.10.001Revista : Journal of Food Engineering
Volumen : 115
Número : 1
Páginas : 91-98
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Currently, blueberries are inspected and sorted by color, size and/or firmness (or softness) in packing houses, using different inspection techniques like machine vision and mechanical vibration or impact. A new inspection technique is needed for effectively assessing both external features and internal quality attributes of individual blueberries. This paper reports on the use of hyperspectral imaging technique for predicting the firmness and soluble solids content (SSC) of blueberries. A pushbroom hyperspectral imaging system was used to acquire hyperspectral reflectance images from 302 blueberries in two fruit orientations (i.e., stem and calyx ends) for the spectral region of 5001000 nm. Mean spectra were extracted from the regions of interest for the hyperspectral images of each blueberry. Prediction models were developed based on partial least squares method using cross validation and were externally tested with 25% of the samples. Better firmness predictions (R = 0.87) were obtained, compared to SSC predictions (R = 0.79). Fruit orientation had no or insignificant effect on the firmness and SSC predictions. Further analysis showed that blueberries could be sorted into two classes of firmness. This research has demonstrated the feasibility of implementing hyperspectral imaging technique for sorting blueberries for firmness and possibly SSC to enhance the product quality and marketability.