Primal and Mixed Finite Element Methods for Deformable Image Registration ProblemsRevista : SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences
Volumen : 11
Número : 4
Páginas : 25292567
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Deformable image registration (DIR) represent a powerful computational method for image analysis, with promising applications in the diagnosis of human disease. Despite being widely used in the medical imaging community, the mathematical and numerical analysis of DIR methods remain understudied. Further, recent applications of DIR include the quantification of mechanical quantities apart from the aligning transformation, which justifies the development of novel DIR formulations where the accuracy and convergence of fields other than the aligning transformation can be studied. In this work we propose and analyze primal, mixed, and augmented formulations for the DIR problem, together with their finite-element discretization schemes for their numerical solution. The DIR variational problem is equivalent to the linear elasticity problem with a nonlinear source term that depends on the unknown field. Fixed point arguments and small data assumptions are employed to derive the well-posedness of both the continuous and discrete schemes for the usual primal and mixed variational formulations, as well as for an augmented version of the latter. A priori error estimates derived by using Strang-type lemmas, and their associated rates of convergence depending on the corresponding approximation properties, are also provided. Numerical convergence tests, as well as registration of brain and lung images, are included to demonstrate the applicability of the methods in determining the displacement and stress fields from DIR.