Short term forecasting of electricity prices in the Columbian market. http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2009.0218Revista : IET Generation Transmission & Distribution
Volumen : 3
Número : 11
Páginas : 980-986
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The restructuring of the electricity-generating industry from protected monopoly to an open
competitive market has presented producers with a problem scheduling generation: finding the optimal bidding strategy to maximise their profits. In order to solve this scheduling problem, a reliable system capable of forecasting electricity prices is needed. This work evaluates the forecasting capabilities of several modelling techniques for the next-day-prices forecasting problem in the Colombian market, measured in USD/MWh. The models include exogenous variables such as reservoir levels and load demand. Results show that a segmentation of the prices into three intervals, based on load demand behaviour, contribute to an important standard deviation reduction. Regarding the models under analysis, TakagiSugenoKang models and ARMAX models identified by means of a Kalman filter perform the best forecasting, with an error rate below 6%.