Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Drymoni K., Browning J., Gudmundsson A. (2022)

Spatial and temporal volcanotectonic evolution of Santorini volcano, Greece

Revista : Bulletin of Volcanology
Volumen : 84
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Volcanic and tectonic activities in the Aegean region have controlled the evolution of Santorini volcano, including changes in the shape and size of the island through time. Previous studies associate much of the island’s volcanic activity with the presence of regional faults, but a comprehensive volcanotectonic study that clarifies the relationship between dyking and faulting in the island has not been made. Here we present a detailed structural analysis focused on the northern caldera wall of Santorini, where numerous dykes and faults outcrop and can be studied in the mesoscale. To augment our discussion of dyke and fault interactions, we combine previous volcanological and geophysical observations with our structural analysis to report the volcanotectonic evolution of the northern part of the island and design a conceptual spatial-temporal model. We mapped 91 dyke segments and 15 faults and classified the latter, where possible, with respect to their observed or recorded kinematics, their size, and the active stress field under which they were formed based on prior geophysical data. We relate our observations to a mechanical unconformity within the northern caldera wall. Our field observations, coupled with previous numerical, geophysical, and volcanological studies, offer insights on the interaction between dykes and faults and indicate the conditions under which the faults facilitated magma emplacement, or not, during the volcano’s activity. Our analysis attempts to answer an essential question: under what conditions do crustal faults facilitate or inhibit magma propagation to the surface, with application to the island of Santorini.