Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Altimiras P., Pyle L. and Bouchon P. (2007)

Structure-fat migration relationships during storage of cocoa butter model bars: Bloom development and possible mechanisms. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2006.06.022

Revista : Journal of Food Engineering
Volumen : 80
Número : 2
Páginas : 600-610
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Bloom development and associated fat migration were analyzed from a microstructural viewpoint. To do so, chocolate model bars were prepared by tempering a mixture made of sand particles (mean sizes of 120, 55 and 5 µm) and cocoa butter (68% and 32% by mass, respectively). Model bars initial microstructure was characterized by means of confocal and electron microscopy, along with image analysis. Bloom was induced by storing model bars at 30 °C and was assessed by measuring the amount of migrated fat to the surface and the change in surface colour (whiteness index). Both measurements showed an initial rapid increase followed by a gradually decreasing gradient until reaching an asymptotic value. Importantly, it was determined that density change is a key factor in bloom development. Also, a higher fat migration rate was determined in small particle size bars.