Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Núñez-Navarro N.E., Santana F.M., Parra L.P. and Zacconi F.C. (2018)

Surfing the Blood Coagulation Cascade: Insight into the Vital Factor Xa.

Revista : Current Medicinal Chemistry
Volumen : 25
Páginas : 24pp
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Factor Xa (FXa) plays a key role in hemostasis , it is a central part of the blood-clotting cascade which catalyzes the production of thrombin and leads to clot formation and wound closure. Therefore, FXa is an attractive target for the development of new anticoagulant agents. In this review, we will first describe the molecular features of this fundamental protein in order to understand its mechanism of action, an essential background for the design of novel inhibitors by means of synthetic organic chemistry or using peptides obtained from recombinant methodologies. Then, we will review the current state of the synthesis of novel FXa inhibitors along with their mechanisms of action. Finally, approved reversal agents that aid in maintaining blood haemostasis by using these commercial drugs will be also discussed.