Synchronizing different transit lines at common stops considering travel time variability along the dayRevista : Transportmetrica A-Transport Science
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Synchronizing different lines at common stops can increase the level of service in transit systems, particularly for different lines in overlapping route segments or common stops (e.g., branching lines and limited-stop lines). In this study, we propose a measure of synchronization that penalizes the deviation from proposed arrivals’ separation times of different lines at common stops. Using this measure, we define an optimization problem to synchronize timetables of different lines considering bus speeds that dependents on the departure times. Moreover, we consider two versions of our problem based on different operational policies: (i) satisfy evenly spaced departure times; and (ii) subject to a limited deviation from a given timetable. We implement a commercial solver and a Genetic Algorithm to obtain good quality solutions in short time. Finally, we implement our optimization approach for two branching lines of Redbus Urbano, an agency in Santiago, Chile. Numerical results show that it is possible to properly separate arrivals of different lines at common stops which benefits to passengers that may use more than one line.