The Effect of Arabinoxylan and Wheat Bran Incorporation on Dough Rheology and Thermal Processing of Rotary-Moulded BiscuitsRevista : Foods
Volumen : 10
Número : 10
Páginas : 2335
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Wheat bran incorporation into biscuits may increase their nutritional value, however, it may affect dough rheology and baking performance, due to the effect of bran particles on dough structure and an increase in water absorption. This study analyzed the enrichment effect of wheat bran and arabinoxylans, the most important non-starch polysaccharides found in whole wheat flour, on dough rheology and thermal behaviour during processing of rotary-moulded biscuits. The objective was to understand the contribution of arabinoxylans during biscuit-making and their impact when incorporated as wheat bran. Refined flour was replaced at 25, 50, 75, or 100% by whole flour with different bran particle sizes (fine: 4% > 500 ?m; coarse: 72% > 500 ?m). The isolated effect of arabinoxylans was examined by preparing model flours, where refined flour was enriched with water-extractable and water-unextractable arabinoxylans. Wheat bran had the greatest impact on dough firmness and arabinoxylans had the greatest impact on the elastic response. The degree of starch gelatinization increased from 24 to 36% in biscuits enriched with arabinoxylans or whole flour and coarse bran. The microstructural analysis (SEM, micro-CT) suggested that fibre micropores may retain water inside their capillaries which can be released in a controlled manner during baking.