Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Towards Improving Top-N Recommendation by Generalization of SLIM

Revista : Proceedings of the ACM Conference in Recommender Systems 2015
Tipo de publicación : Conferencia No DCC


Sparse Linear Methods (SLIM) are state-of-the-art recommendation approaches based on matrix factorization, which rely on a regularized ℓ1-norm and ℓ2-norm optimization –an alternative optimization problem to the traditional Frobenious norm. Although they have shown outstanding performance in Top-N recommendation , existent works have not yet analyzed some inherent assumptions that can have an important effect on the performance of these algorithms. In this paper, we attempt to improve the performance of SLIM by proposing a generalized formulation of the aforementioned assumptions. Instead of directly learning a sparse representation of the user-item matrix, we (i) learn the latent factors’ matrix of the users and the items via a traditional matrix factorization approach , and then (ii) reconstruct the latent user or item matrix via prototypes which are learned using sparse coding, an alternative SLIM commonly used in the image processing domain. The results show that by tuning the parameters of our generalized model we are able to outperform SLIM in several Top-N recommendation experiments conducted on two different datasets, using both nDCG and nDCG@10 as evaluation metrics. These preliminary results, although not conclusive, indicate a promising line of research to improve the performance of SLIM recommendation.