Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Underlying Probability Measure Approximated by Monte Carlo Simulations in Event Prognostics

Revista : Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the PHM Society 2023
Volumen : 15
Número : 1
Tipo de publicación : Conferencia No DCC Ir a publicación


The prognostic of events, and particularly of failures, is a key step towards allowing preventive decision-making, as in the case of predictive maintenance in Industry 4.0. However, the occurrence time of a future event is subject to uncertainty, and is typically modelled as a random variable. In this regard, the default procedure (benchmark) to compute its probability distribution is empirical, through Monte Carlo simulations. Nonetheless, the analytic expression for the probability distribution of the first occurrence time of any future event was presented and demonstrated in a recent publication. In this article it is established a direct relationship between these empirical and analytical procedures. It is shown that Monte Carlo simulations numerically approximate this analytically known probability measure when the future event is triggered by the crossing of a threshold.