Understanding Requirements for Mobile Collaborative Applications in Domains of Use.Revista : Family Practice
Volumen : 35
Número : 2
Páginas : 132-141
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Background. Several studies have discussed the benefits of multidisciplinary collaboration in primary care. However, what remains unclear is how collaboration is undertaken in a multidisciplinary manner in concrete terms.
Objective. To identify how multidisciplinary teams in primary care collaborate, in regards to the professionals involved in the teams and the collaborative activities that take place, and determine whether these characteristics and practices are present across disciplines and whether
collaboration affects clinical outcomes.
Methods. A systematic literature review of past research, using the MEDLINE, ScienceDirect and Web of Science databases.
Results. Four types of team composition were identified: specialized teams, highly multidisciplinary teams, doctornursepharmacist triad and physiciannurse centred teams. Four types of collaboration within teams were identified: co-located collaboration, non-hierarchical collaboration, collaboration through shared consultations and collaboration via referral and counter-referral. Two combinations were commonly repeated: non-hierarchical collaboration in highly multidisciplinary teams and co-located collaboration in specialist teams. Fifty-two per cent of articles reported
positive results when comparing collaboration against the non-collaborative alternative, whereas 16% showed no difference and 32% did not present a comparison.
Conclusion. Overall, collaboration was found to be positive or neutral in every study that compared collaboration with a non-collaborative alternative. A collaboration typology based on objective measures was devised, in contrast to typologies that involve interviews, perceptionbased
questionnaires and other subjective instruments.