Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Guesalaga A., Neichel B., Cortés A., Bechet C. and Guzmán D. (2014)

Using the C2n and wind profiler method with wide-field laser-guide-stars adaptive optics to quantify the frozen-flow decay

Revista : Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volumen : 440
Número : 5
Páginas : 1925-1933
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


We use the spatio-temporal cross-correlations of slopes from five Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensors to analyse the temporal evolution of the atmospheric turbulence layers at different altitudes. The focus is on the verification of the frozen-flow assumption. The data come from the Gemini South Multiconjugate Adaptive Optics System (GeMS). First, we present the C2n and wind profiling technique. This method provides useful information for the operation of the adaptive optics system, such as the number of existing turbulence layers, their associated velocities, altitudes and strengths, and also a mechanism to estimate the dome-seeing contribution to the total turbulence. Next, by identifying the turbulence layers, we show that it is possible to estimate the rate of decay in time of the correlation among turbulence measurements. We reduce on-sky data obtained during the 2011, 2012 and 2013 campaigns. The first results suggest that the rate of temporal decorrelation can be expressed in terms of a single parameter that is independent of the layer altitude and turbulence strength. Finally, we show that the decay rate of the frozen-flow contribution increases linearly with the layer speed. The observed evolution of the decay rate confirms the potential interest of the predictive control for wide-field adaptive optics systems