Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Rodríguez F., Niebla V., Velázquez M.V., Tagle L., Martin-Trasanco R.,  Coll D., Ortiz P., Escalona N.,  Pérez E., Jessop I., Terraza C., Tundidor-Camba A. (2021)

A new porous organic polymer containing Tröger's base units: Evaluation of the catalytic activity in Knoevenagel condensation reaction

Revista : Reactive & Functional Polymers
Páginas : 104998
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The classic Tröger’s base polymerization of a diamine and dimethoxymethane with trifluoroacetic acid as catalyst generated a Tröger’s base-type polymer (TBP), which exhibited the absolute insolubility in a variety of organic solvents because of its highly aggregated model. A new porous organic polymer was obtained by a simple Tröger’s base polymerization reaction between a diamine and formaldehyde in the form of acetal in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid as catalyst. Tröger’s base-type polymer (TBP) resulted insoluble in a wide range of organic solvents due to its rigid and aromatic structure. TBP was characterized spectroscopically (FT-IR), thermally and morphologically. As result, a thermostable and amorphous polymer bearing pores ranging between 50 and 300?nm and macro-voids of up to 12??m was obtained. Due to the insolubility of the TBP, it was tested as a metal-free heterogeneous catalyst in the Knoevenagel condensation reaction, showing a high efficiency. For this, the optimal catalyst load, reaction time and reuse of the catalyst were studied using benzaldehyde and malononitrile as substrates. Furthermore, aldehydes with variable chain sizes and ethyl cyanoacetate replacing malononitrile were tested as substrate with a high percent of conversion (97–99%).