A nonlinear model for multilayered rubber isolators based on a co-rotational formulationRevista : Engineering Structures
Volumen : 131
Páginas : 1-13
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
This article proposes a geometrically nonlinear co-rotational model aimed to characterize the mechanical Received 17 August 2015 behavior of elastomeric seismic isolators. The model is able to capture the axial and lateral coupling in Revised 3 May 2016 both axial directions, i.e. compression and tension of the isolator. Also reproduces the instability the loads Accepted 26 September 2016 in tension as well as in compression, and provides theoretical evidence of the non-symmetric behavior of Available online 2 November 2016 the isolator in these two directions. To validate model results, a quasistatic analysis was performed on a typical isolator with many different shape factors. From the parametric analysis performed, it is observed Keywords: that buckling loads are higher in tension than in compression. However, as the shape factor of the isolator Multilayer rubber isolator increases, the behavior in compression and tension becomes symmetric. It becomes apparent that signif- Non-linear behavior icant differences in normal stresses and strains under tensile and compressives loads are observed for Axial-lateral coupling axial loads smaller than 10% of the nominal buckling load. The example presented shows that lateral dis- Tension and compression buckling placements of about ±25% of isolator radius and tension forces up to 10% of the buckling load are possible Time-history analysis without inducing cavitation in the rubber. Accuracy of the model was also tested against ﬁnite element model results and experimental data showing satisfactory results. Furthermore, a response-history anal- ysis of an isolated structure is presented and compared for two isolator models: the two-spring model and the model proposed herein. Finally, material nonlinearity was introduced in the dynamic analysis using a Bouc-Wen type element in parallel with the isolator. The responses are similar between models; however, signiﬁcant differences occur locally in the isolator for high axial loads and/or large lateral displacements.