Analysis of the relationship between treatment networks and the evolution of patients with Type 2 Diabetes MellitusRevista : Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Volumen : 108
Páginas : 103497
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease that has been increasing in prevalence in recent years and that can cause severe complications. To ensure patient care is administered correctly, it is necessary for medical treatment teams to be both multidisciplinary and cohesive. The analysis of health processes is a constant challenge due to their high variability and complexity. This paper proposes a method based on the analysis of social networks to detect treatment networks, and to identify a relationship between these networks and patient evolution, as measured by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. The networks were segmented based on patient adherence to their medical appointments and their mean time of delay. We applied this method on a sample of 1574 patients diagnosed with T2DM. Results show that participatory treatment -in which a patient sees a particular group of professionals on a recurrent basis – together with high levels of adherence are associated to those patients who improve their HbA1c levels in the case of high levels of adherence, while those who continually experience referrals to different professionals, remain unstable and, in some cases, get worse. On the other hand, in order to maintain a patient as stable, continuous control of the patient is enough, regardless of the recurrence to the same professionals.