Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Busch, P., Cifuentes, L. A., & Cabrera, C. (2023). Chronic exposure to fine particles and mortality : Evidence from Chile. Environmental Epidemiology, 1:7, https://doi.org/10.1097/EE9.0000000000000253 (2023)

Chronic exposure to fine particles and mortality : Evidence from Chile

Revista : Environmental Epidemiology
Tipo de publicación : Revistas Ir a publicación


Background: Many Chilean cities suffer from high air pollution from industrial, mobile, and residential wood-burning sources. Several studies have linked PM2.5air pollution exposure to higher mortality risk from cardiovascular, pulmonary, and lung cancercauses. In recent years, Chile has developed an extensive air pollution monitoring network to enforce air quality standards for PM2.5,allowing the study of the medium-term association between PM2.5and mortality. Methods: A negative binomial regression model was used to study the association between 3-year average PM2.5 concentrationsand age-adjusted mortality rates for 105 of the 345 municipalities in Chile. Models were fitted for all (ICD10 A to Q codes), cardio- pulmonary (I and J), cardiovascular (I), pulmonary (J), cancer (C), and lung cancer (C33-C34) causes; controlling for meteorological, socioeconomic, and demographic characteristics. Results: A significant association of PM2.5exposure with cardiopulmonary (relative risk for 10 µg/m3 PM2.5: 1.06; 95% confidenceinterval = 1.00, 1.13) and pulmonary (1.11; 1.02, 1.20) age-adjusted mortality rates was found. Cardiovascular (1.06; 0.99, 1.13) and all causes (1.02; 0.98, 1.07) were positive, but not significant. No significant association was found between cancer and lung cancer. The positive associations remained even when controlling for multiple confounding factors, model specifications, and when considering different methods for exposure characterization. These estimates are in line with results from cohort studies from the United States and European studies. Conclusion: Three-year average PM2.5exposure is positively associated with the age-adjusted mortality rate for cardiopulmonaryand cardiovascular causes in Chile. This provides evidence of the medium-term exposure effect of fine particles on long-term mor- tality rates. Keywords: