Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Küstner T., Muñoz C., Psenicny A., Bustin A., Fuin N., Qi H., Neji R., Kunze K., Hajhosseiny R., Prieto C., Botnar R. (2021)

Deep-learning based super-resolution for 3D isotropic coronary MR angiography in less than a minute

Revista : Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Purpose: To develop and evaluate a novel and generalizable super-resolution (SR) deep-learning framework for motion-compensated isotropic 3D coronary MR angiography (CMRA), which allows free-breathing acquisitions in less than a minute.Methods: Undersampled motion-corrected reconstructions have enabled free-breathing isotropic 3D CMRA in ~5-10 min acquisition times. In this work, we propose a deep-learning-based SR framework, combined with non-rigid respiratory motion compensation, to shorten the acquisition time to less than 1 min. A generative adversarial network (GAN) is proposed consisting of two cascaded Enhanced Deep Residual Network generator, a trainable discriminator, and a perceptual loss network. A 16-fold increase in spatial resolution is achieved by reconstructing a high-resolution (HR) isotropic CMRA (0.9 mm3 or 1.2 mm3 ) from a low-resolution (LR) anisotropic CMRA (0.9 × 3.6 × 3.6 mm3 or 1.2 × 4.8 × 4.8 mm3 ). The impact and generalization of the proposed SRGAN approach to different input resolutions and operation on image and patch-level is investigated. SRGAN was evaluated on a retrospective downsampled cohort of 50 patients and on 16 prospective patients that were scanned with LR-CMRA in ~50 s under free-breathing. Vessel sharpness and length of the coronary arteries from the SR-CMRA is compared against the HR-CMRA.Results: SR-CMRA showed statistically significant (P < .001) improved vessel sharpness 34.1% ± 12.3% and length 41.5% ± 8.1% compared with LR-CMRA. Good generalization to input resolution and image/patch-level processing was found. SR-CMRA enabled recovery of coronary stenosis similar to HR-CMRA with comparable qualitative performance.Conclusion: The proposed SR-CMRA provides a 16-fold increase in spatial resolution with comparable image quality to HR-CMRA while reducing the predictable scan time to <1 min.