Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Chamorro A., de Solminihac H., Salgado M. and Barrera E. (2009)

Development and validation of a method to evaluate unpaved road condition with objective distress measures. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2101-01

Revista : Transportation Research Record
Volumen : 2101
Páginas : 3-9
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The condition of unpaved roads is commonly assessed by using qualitative distress measures. Some methods do not consistently consider the relative effect of multiple defects on road condition, or their application is limited to the conditions under which they were developed. In 2007, the Ministerio de Obras Públicas of Chile and a private consultant developed the Modelos de Deterioro de Caminos No Pavimentados study. The scope of the study was to gain experience with and understanding of unpaved road behavior. The main goal of the study was to develop and validate a method for evaluating unpaved road condition by using objective measures of distress, drainage, and profile characteristics. The scope was to design a versatile tool that was applicable to any location, followed a simple procedure, and used cost-effective survey techniques. The proposed approach is to define condition models from a questionnaire administered to a professional panel by applying the Delphi method. As a result of the study, equations representing the unpaved condition index (UPCI) and condition limits were developed for unbound gravel, stabilized gravel, and earth roads subject to three climates: dry, Mediterranean, and humid. UPCI equations and condition limits were validated successfully; the method to assess unpaved road conditions was reliable and versatile.