Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Johnson E., Yáñez J., Ortiz C. and Muñoz J. (2010)

Evaporation from shallow groundwater in closed basins in the chilean altiplano

Revista : Hydrological Sciences Journal-Journal Des Sciences Hydrologiques
Volumen : 55
Número : 4
Páginas : 624-635
Tipo de publicación : ISI


The hydrologic cycle in arid and semi-arid climates is highly controlled by evaporation. The correct quantification of this process is essential for improving the accuracy of water balance estimates, especially in closed basins. The objective of this paper is to characterize evaporation rates from shallow groundwater using the chamber approach in six closed basins in northern Chile. Measurements were made at 49 locations with water table depths ranging from 0.09 m to 3.3 m. Estimated daily evaporation rates appeared to be strongly related to groundwater depth and soil texture.
Particularly, the highest rates were recorded in areas with high groundwater tables and coarse-grained soils. Evaporation curves were built by fitting exponential and power relationships as functions of the groundwater depths that we proposed to use in the study area. An application of these curves for the Salar de Pedernales basin produced an estimated evaporation flow of 530 L/s using the average curve.