Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Retamoso C., Escalona N., González M., Barrientos L. (2022)

Exploration of the initial photocatalytic activity parameters of ?Fe2O3–rutile for methylene blue discoloration in water through the OFAT process

Revista : Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology A-Chemistry
Páginas : 114495
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The photocatalyst response is related to experimental conditions that improve effectiveness in removing contaminants. A parameter analysis of ?Fe2O3–rutile and water contaminated with methylene blue (MB) was carried out to obtain initial factors that impact reaction conditions. Moreover, the following factors were tested: the ?Fe2O3–rutile load, the initial MB concentration, and the initial pH solution. These one-factor-at-a-time variations were made to explore the conditions of each variable with the other two fixed. Above all, a significant change was identified in the initial discoloration rate from 5.2 to 35.56 10-9 mol g-1 s-1, with 34 and 91% removal effectiveness, respectively. These results were achieved with an ?Fe2O3–rutile load of 1.0 g L-1, an initial MB concentration of 8.0 10-6 mol L-1, and a pH of 8.8, after 540 min of irradiation. This high discoloration effectiveness with ?Fe2O3–rutile had not been previously reported. The parameter that most influenced the photocatalytic activity was the initial pH solution due to the interaction of the point of zero charge of ?Fe2O3–rutile and the contaminated water; the pH of the solution exceeds the isoelectric point, it causes electrostatic forces and hydrogen bonds with MB to increase its effectiveness. The combination of ?Fe2O3–rutile and the removal of methylene blue in water improves adsorption on the surface of the ?Fe2O3–rutile, providing the highest discoloration rate