Frying of potatoes: Physical, chemical, and microstructural changes. http://dx.doi.org/10.1082/07373937.2012.663845Revista : Drying Technology
Volumen : 30
Número : 7
Páginas : 707725
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Frying is one of the oldest unit operations and is used not only in industry but also at home. The most commonly fried vegetable is potato, for important commercial products such as potato chips, par-fried potatoes, and french fries. Quality parameters of interest for fried potatoes include physical and chemical properties such as color, mechanical properties (e.g., crispness, hardness, etc.), structural properties (e.g., porosity and roughness), oil content, and water content, among others. Some chemical contaminants such as acrylamide and furan are heat-generated during the frying of potato slices or strips, leading to final fried pieces with considerable amounts of these contaminants. The controllable variables in indus- trial frying processes are generally potato variety, oil type, frying time, and frying temperature. Therefore, the study of the quality changes during frying is critical because knowledge regarding kinetics parameters will enable prediction of the final quality in fried potatoes and improvements in the final product value by selecting properly the processing conditions. Finally, modern techniques such as computer vision provide valuable tools to quantify and predict physical and chemical properties of potato pieces during frying in a fast and noninvasive way. In addition, computer vision can allow us to classify fried potatoes in different quality classes previously determined by sensorial panels.