Fully self-gated free-running 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE with isotropic whole-heart coverage in less than 2 minRevista : NMR in Biomedicine
Páginas : e4409
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
PurposeTo develop a novel fast water?selective free?breathing 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE scan with full self?navigation and isotropic whole?heart (WH) coverage.MethodsA free?breathing 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE scan with a water?selective balanced steady?state free precession and a continuous (non?ECG?gated) variable?density Cartesian sampling with spiral profile ordering, out?inward sampling and acquisition?adaptive alternating tiny golden and golden angle increment between spiral arms is proposed. Data is retrospectively binned based on respiratory and cardiac self?navigation signals. A translational respiratory?motion?corrected and cardiac?motion?resolved image is reconstructed with a multi?bin patch?based low?rank reconstruction (MB?PROST) within about 15 min. A respiratory?motion?resolved approach is also investigated. The proposed 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE is acquired in sagittal orientation in 1 min 50 s for 1.9 mm3 isotropic WH coverage. Left ventricular (LV) function parameters and image quality derived from a blinded reading of the proposed 3D CINE framework are compared against conventional multi?slice 2D CINE imaging in 10 healthy subjects and 10 patients with suspected cardiovascular disease.ResultsThe proposed framework provides free?breathing 3D cardiac CINE images with 1.9 mm3 spatial and about 45 ms temporal resolution in a short acquisition time (<2 min). LV function parameters derived from 3D CINE were in good agreement with 2D CINE (10 healthy subjects and 10 patients). Bias and confidence intervals were obtained for end?systolic volume, end?diastolic volume and ejection fraction of 0.1 ± 3.5 mL, ?0.6 ± 8.2 mL and ?0.1 ± 2.2%, respectively.ConclusionThe proposed framework enables isotropic 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE under free breathing for fast assessment of cardiac anatomy and function.