Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Bejarano A., López P.I., del Valle J.M. and de la Fuente J.C. (2015)

High-pressure (vapour + liquid) equilibria for ternary systems composed by {(E)-2-hexenal or hexanal + carbon dioxide + water}: Partition coefficient measurement

Revista : Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volumen : 89
Páginas : 79-88
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


A new apparatus based on a static-analytic method assembled in this work was utilised to perform high-pressure (vapour + liquid) equilibria measurements of aqueous ternary systems. This work includes values of isothermal partition coefficients between CO2 and water of two apple aroma constituents, (E)-2-hexenal and hexanal. Additionally, this work reports new experimental (vapour + liquid) equilibria measurements for the ternary systems (CO2 + (E)-2-hexenal + water) and (CO2 + hexanal + water), at fixed liquid phase composition (600 mg . kg(-1)), at temperatures of (313, 323 and 333) K and at pressures from (8 to 19) MPa. Vapour liquid interphase was checked and monitored visually for all the systems studied in this work. No liquid immiscibility was observed at the composition, temperatures and pressures studied. In order to suggest reasonable operation conditions for fractionation of aromas with dense carbon dioxide, partition coefficients of the aroma compounds between CO2 and water along with their separation factors from water were calculated. Partition coefficients of (E)-2-hexenal between CO2 and water were in the range of (6 to 91) and where found to be near six times higher than those of hexanal (9 to 17). Very high separation factors from water were observed (similar to 10(4)) especially for (E)-2-hexenal. The highest separation factor, for both compounds, was found at a temperature of 313 K and pressures from (12 to 14) MPa.