Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Cortazar G., Ortega H., Valencia C. (2021)

How good are analyst forecasts of oil prices?

Revista : Energy Economics
Volumen : 102
Número : October
Páginas : 105500
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Even though there is a wide consensus that having good oil price forecasts is very valuable for many agents in the economy, results have not been fully satisfactory and there is an ongoing effort to improve their accuracy. Research has explored manydifferent modeling approaches including time series, regressions, and artificial intelligence, among others. Also, many different sources of input data have been used like spot and futures prices, product spreads, and micro and macro variables.This paper explores how useful are analyst´s expected price data for forecasting when appropriate measures are taken to account for their sparse nature and high volatility. It proposes a multifactor stochastic pricing model, with time-varying risk premiums calibrated with filtered futures and analyst´s forecasts using a Kalman Filter.The forecasting model is applied to ten years of oil prices and analyst forecasts, from NYMEX and Bloomberg, respectively. Results are very encouraging showing that the model forecasts are much better than the no-change forecasts, commonly used as a benchmark, and better than those from the widely used Bloomberg´s Consensus Expected Price Model. We conclude that analyst forecasts are a valuable source of input data that should be considered in future forecasting models.